Frequently asked questions

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Indoor plants

Dear Garden Centre, I bought a beautiful poinsetta at the weekend, but I do not know, what to do to get it to bloom for long. What do you suggest? Thanks, P. Klára
The secret of poinsetta

The real ornament of poinsetta are the colorful topleaves. You can see along with red white orange and pink poinsetta nowdays. After a while colorful leaves get green too, which is a natural process. Its leaves are really sensitive, nothing should touch them not even you.

Plants bought in November, December has to be placed in a light cool place.
Supermarkets dry, warm air damages plants, so pay attention not to buy a plant with yellow leaves. These plants die quickly, because this process cannot be turned back. If you purchase plant on the market, from a grower or from a garden centre, there plants are treated professionally and you will enjoy it longer.

In winter 10-15 degrees were ideal for them. It cannot tolerate draught, changing temperature, overwatering and drought.You can place clay granules or pebbles into the plant holder, under the pot, so you ensure the proper vaporization. Water it once weekly with fertilized water.

In February, cut back your plant which leaves have fallen and leave it relax for winter. This relaxing period finishes around April-May, that time plant it in a pot, use acidic soil, and cut shoots back again to make it bushy. In summer it will get green, you can put outside to a shaded place. When sunny hours decrease in number, leaves will start getting colorful. In September-October start covering your plant. That means that the plant has to be covered with a paper box every evening from 7 until 8 next day.You should not forget covering the plant not even once because blooming can fail.

Hedging

Dear sales assistant, I had the next question. We have Brabant cedars as fence hedge. They are more than 2 m tall, but they have not been trimmed yet. Lower parts are grown into a hedge, however, higher parts have sparse foliage. When and how can I trim them? Thank you for the answer in advance. Beáta
Dear Beáta,

Thanks for your trust!

Brabant cedars are used to trimming once or twice a year. Pruning is suggested from end of May to end of August.
Brabant cedars have to be trimmed not only on the top but the sides too, because so you will get a nicer, denser, more compact form.
In spring slow release, evergreen fertilizer is suggested for a healthier plant.

Regards

Nagy Andrea - horticulturist
I would like to create a hedge. What kind of plant do you suggest?
There are some solutions.

Privet (Ligustrum):
It is listed in the winter green, that means in case of softer winter it keeps its foliage, in case of hard winter it will lose foliage.You can plant a root balled privet, too, which are good news for an unpatient gardener, as you get a ready, dense hedge, even 1,5-2 tall. Cut back sometimes. If you wish a more economical solution and you are patient, choose bareroot privet, and plant it crisscross. You can count 7-8 pieces per meter. In spring cut them to half size.

Cedars ( Plicata, Columna, Emerald, Brabant)
They are evergreen , that means that they keep foliage also in winter. They grow in acidic soil (type A) the most beautiful. Planting distance 0,8-1 m, depending on the type.. Some species need pruning others not.

Leylandii (Cupressocyparis Leylandii)
Fastest growing evergreen hedge plant. It needs more pruning annually. In case of hard winter the end of shoots can freeze, so the latest pruning has to be done late August. One plant will be enough per meter. A stick will be neccessary next to the smaller plants.

Yew (Taxus Baccata)
Evergreen plant, which tolerates extremities as well. Its decorative red berry colors your garden in autumn. Most parts of the tree are toxic, so families with little children have to consider this fact. It is an excellent plant to shaded areas, too.

Put dry, powder cow manure into the planting hole in order to have a nicer, healthier and more resistant hedge. Use complex fertilizer or special evergreen plant liquid fertilizer later. If you have more questions contact our colleagues.

Fruit trees

I would like to plant a bareroot fruit tree, but I do not know what shall I consider, as I will try it at first. What do you suggest?
Planting bareroot fruit trees is ideal early spring until foliage appears or in autumn from defoliation until freezing. Spring is more useful because plants will have more time for rooting and winter moisture is also benefitial for them.

Considering the conditions of your garden choose species carefully.
Deliver tree with carefully wrapped root – in plastic foil if possible -, because plant can dry out.

Before planting cut back thicker roots at 1-2 cm.
When planting use cow manure or planting tablets.
Keep plant moisture until rooting, in case of planting in spring water all summer along.
In the first 2-4 years do not bother the tree with fruit growing when it creates its crown, small fruit have to be gathered in time.

Mediterranean plants

Good morning, My question is the next. I bought at your shop a mirtleleaf milkwort /Polygala myrtifolia 1/4T 80cm K9/ . It has flourished all year long and I would like it to bloom next year, too. Please write me, how to overwinter and prune it? Thanks for answer in advance, Zoltán
Dear Zoltán,

Milkwort is a mediterranean, elegant evergreen or small tree, with mirtle leaves. Ideal plant for winter gardens, terraces, balkonies, which can reach 1,5-2 m height.

It blooms almost all year along. Purple-red and lila-pink flowers are decorated with white laced stamens. It can be propagated from seed and from cutting, too.

Prefers sunny or partial shaded place.
Tolerates a wide range of soil mixes, but the best is evergreen soil (Type "A"). It feels well in moulded soil. Drought tolerant, it has to be watered rarely.

It can be pruned on demand, but it is not neccessary by all means.

Pot plant, frost susceptible, so it needs overwintering. If outside temperature drops under 5 Celsius degrees, it is time to prepare for winter. In winter 5-15 C degrees is ideal for it.

I would like to buy a lemon tree. Is it not too complicated to treat it?
It is worth to consider some rules, but it is not too complicated. As it is about a mediterranean plant, place it in a sunny, warm area. Fertilize regularly with liquid citrus fertilizer. When repotting, pay attention to use citrus soil. It can decorate your terrace or balkony from spring to autumn, but it has to be put inside before freezing. Choose a room where the temperature is about 5-10C° and there is no direct sun. In winter you have to water only once monthly. Cellar or garage are perfect solutions, if they have a small window. You can keep them in a window free room too, however, in this case it will lose leaves. There is a second option for wintertime, if you keep your plant in a warm place it will grow also in wintertime. Lemon and kumquat are the same case.

I have been presented with an oleander. How shall I treat it to keep it nice?
Place your plant to a sunny, warm area, it prefers especially scorching sun. As it is a potplant and moisture-demanding, water it every day. It does not tolerate stagnant water. While flourishing fertilize weekly with mediterranean plant liquid fertilizer.
When temperature is under 10-15 °C, you have to prepare for wintertime.Choose a frost free, light place if possible, so plant's growing will start in spring earlier. If pest happen to appear (louse, mite) you can protect plant with wash spraying.
Pruning is beneficial in autumn or early spring for a nicer and denser foliage.
What shall I do to produce more fruit on orange tree?
As it is about a mediterranean plant, you have to put it to a sunny and warm place. Fertilize regularly, especially with citrus fertilizer. It can decorate our balkony from spring to autumn, but before freezing you should put it indoors for the wintertime and locate at a room where the temperature is about 5-10C° and there is no direct sunlight. In winter water it once a month. Usually a cellar or a garage can be a perfect solution. Lemon and kumquat are the same case.
I would like to grow kiwi. What is the secret of kiwi?
Kiwi is a climbing plant, so it needs a support system such as pergoletta, like grapevine, however, we do not prune it in the same way. Prune always excess growth, but annual vines must be left! Growing vines of the plant can flourish near horizontally. That is important, because the lack of flowers means the lack of fruits. If your kiwi is not a self fertile type you will need a stamen. In contrast to the public belief, kiwi does not like fully sunlight, plant it in partial shaded, wind-sheltered place. Water regularly but not thoroughly. Younger plants have to be covered in winter, because they are frost susceptible.

Planting bulbs

What should I know about planting bulbs in autumn?
Tulip, daffodil, crocus, hyacinth, spring snowflake, some lilies and snowdrop are overwintering bulb plants, planting them is ideal in September and October but until the frost.

Bulb plants prefer well drained, nutrient-rich soil with crumb structure, which warms up quickly and dries out easily. They also prefer sunny and warm places.

Planting basket can help us, which makes us easy to move and pick bulbs and protects them from pest. After planting, water the soil, helping rooting, as bulbs planted in autumn have to root before first frost.

For planting bulb plants, soil has to be loosen 30 cm deep, after that you can place bulbs on the ideal planting depth. Planting information will be found on the package of the bulbs, easy -to-understand pictograms intruct you. Plant autumn bulbs and in spring our garden will be splendid.

Root-balled pines, christmas trees

How will my pot pine survive Christmas period? I would like my Norman pine in container to survive.
Choose a root-balled or pot pine for Christmas tree, if it has a place in the garden or we can present it someone.

Choose a smaller pine if possible (1-1,5m tall), this sized plants survive almost surely. In the garden centres sold pines are cut freshly and they possess a proper sized rootball, wrapped in eco-friendly jutebag or they are planted in a pot proper sized.

If you have not bought tree in a container, plant it in a pot, which is bigger than the rootball and which has a hole at the bottom, using high-quality peat soil.
Jutebag can remain on the rootball because it will be easy to plant outside in the garden with it, as it is biodegradable. After planting water thoroughly.
A couple of days before Christmas, place the plant to a cool but frost free room or at least in front of the entrance, next to the terrace wall, to any sheltered place.

In the living area seek a place for the tree which is the furthest possible from the heating. The best is if you do not use light garlang, or if it works little.
Needles can be sprayed before decoration.
Pot pines cannot be kept in our flat for more than 1 week, water regularly, check soil, to ensure that it is wet.

After Christmas "deaccustoming" is very important.

Place to a 0-5 degree room for a week, (it does not matter if there is no light during this time), then in front of our entrance outside for a week, then in the garden.

If soil is too freezy and you cannot plant it, wrap the pot with paper or bag against frost until the end of winter.
Green parts of the plant do not need protection.
How can we keep our cut Christmas tree beautiful?
After purchasing, put the pine into a bucket of water and keep outside until Christmas even if the water freezes.

If you cannot manage to keep your Christmas tree outside, still you can choose and sign the nicest tree in time. Professional retailers will care your tree in order to keep it fresh until Christmas.

Before putting it into a holder saw the unneccessary stub from the bottom at right angles, so you will ensure a fresh surface for helping hydration.

After taking it in the flat:

Water regularly. Preferably, choose a holder, which can be filled with water easily, then check it every day.
The further from the radiator the tree and cooler the room, the longer the tree will stay fresh. Light garlangs should not work for long.

Important to remind:

Christmas trees are grown in our country agriculturally, so standing a Christmas tree you will not harm nature.

Evergreen Garden Centre wishes you a Merry Christmas!